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A Brief Introduction to: Data Science (Part1/3)

Welcome to the first of the three part series of blogs in which we will explore the field of Data Science to get a better understanding of the field which was popularized by Harvard University's study, in which they notably called it the "Sexiest job of the 21st century". The goal of this article is to get you understand the power of data science and get you excited about this incredibly innovative field of computing. A simple google search about Data Science presents the definition as mentioned below,but what does it really mean? Data science is an inter-disciplinary field that uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms and systems to extract knowledge and insights from many structural and unstructured data. Data science is related to data mining, deep learning and big data. This definition of Data Science is technically correct, but more often than not, fails to generate an excitement in the reader. By the end of this article, we hope to make you see the potential that this field has to offer and become excited about it, rather than be intimidated by the definition. Over the years, with the advancement and popularization of technology in the form of Cell phones, ioT devices, availability of the Internet and Online Platforms (Youtube,Facebook,Netflix,Twitter,Linkedin,Twitch,Spotify,Instagram to name a few) and more people than ever now finally having access to the internet, the data generated by users has only grown exponentially. To give you an idea about just how much data is generated, here's an infographic: With such high volumes of data being generated, many Businesses realized the value of collecting and analyzing this data in order to get a better insight regarding their customers. However, this task of gathering data from people and it's analysis isn't a new phenomenon, but has always been around. In some form or another, many people have already worked on data science without even knowing it. Some of the applications of Data Science, without explicitly having called it that would be: Getting customer feedback through surveys & Focus groups has been a go to strategy for businesses to get better insight regarding their customers, in order to make better and more informed business strategies. Another interesting application in which most people would've participated in is the Census, which is a record of all the people living in a country. Medical Research involving case studies and clinical trials to understand the effect of certain medicines on patients. So, what is Data Science,exactly? Data Science is a relatively new paradigm of computation and hence it's definition is still evolving but it deals with collection,processing,analysis of datasets to gather meaningful insights that can be used as a decision support tool- for instance classifying data,grouping similar data,finding patterns within data which can be used to develop strategies and making predictions. What makes Data Science different? Data Science is thought of a new paradigm in comparison to the traditional methods of software development (in which developers program each and every aspect of the software to behave a certain way) because we usually use the data to get some kind of a rule,which can explain the data. To visualize what you've just read take a look at this graphic which makes it simpler to understand: Machine Learning is a very important technique used by Data Scientists to analyse data, and it is something we shall explore in a future post. Where is Data Science used? One of the things that makes Data Science so popular and gives it so much potential is the wide range of applicability - it's applications are truly only limited by someone's imagination. To be more specific, here are some of the most interesting applications we came across: 1.SPORTS: Data Science has already made a considerable impact in Sports for teams to make highly informed decisions & strategies. Here we look at two case studies in Liverpool FC and the Houston Rockets. i) Liverpool FC: If you're a football fan, you probably know where this is going. A sporting director, or director of sport, is an executive management position in a body concerned with sport. The role is best known as a manager role at continental European football clubs, which are usually "sports clubs" offering many types of sports. While the coach takes care of the team in daily work, the manager or sporting director takes care of hiring the team. The sporting director is, in many cases, a member of the executive board and therefore an executive director. Micheal Edwards has been at Liverpool FC since 2016 and has played a key role in engineering transfers of players using analytics to the club such as Mohamed Salah, Sadio Mane, Roberto Firmino, Andy Robertson, Georginio Wijnaldum, Fabinho, Alisson and Virgil van Dijk. All the mentioned players at the time of joining the club weren't necessarily considered to be the best in the game or highly valued. But using data and statistical methods, their playing styles were analyzed and they were considered to be a good fit for the club. With the help of Data Analytics and Great management, the club won their first Premier League title this year,a huge achievement considering that they hadn't won it in the last 30 years. ii) Houston Rockets: Daryl Morey,who is the General Manager of the Houston Rockets, was a former consultant and MIT Sloan Graduate who never played professional or college basketball. As a statistical consultant, he saw the oppurtunity to apply his knowledge in the domain of basketball. This worked brilliantly as he gained a deeper understanding of the players' style and how teams can adapt their game plan to win games. One of Morey's first insights was to influence the team into taking more Three-point shots. Three-point shots in basketball are more difficult because they are further away from the basket, but Morey recognized that the 50% increase in points received for the three-point shot (compared to a two-point shot) made it more mathematically efficient than almost all two-point shots other than dunks and lay-ups.  In particular, Morey (and others) realized that three-point attempts from the corner of the court (“corner threes”) had a higher percentage chance of going in (because the shape of the three-point line made corner threes closer to the basket) and were therefore more valuable. Many set plays are now designed specifically to get strong three-point shooters open for corner threes.  The on-court numbers back up the commitment to this strategy as the Rockets have already broken the record for most three-point shots made in a season, with games to spare. 2.BUSINESS: Businesses were one of the first adopters of the data science practices to better understand their customers. One of the most popular roles in data science is that of a Business Analyst. Here's how businesses use data science : i)Customer Segmentation: what products they like,why they like them and observing trends to predict future demand or patterns in customer behavior to design strategies and modify business plans. Identifying different customers, the life time value proposition they have, segmentation. ii)Descriptive,Prescriptive & Predictive Analytics : To analyse how a product has been performing in quarter or predicting how likely it is to succeed.Involves financial reporting and forecasting methods such as Return on Investment, Cost benefit analysis, Time Series Analysis.Prescriptive methods deal with diagnosing a problem and trying to find the most appropriate solution depending on the context. These methodologies are used by businesses to leverage consumer data to develop marketing and branding strategies. iii)Research and Development Businesses also use data analytics in R&D departments to improve their quality of products. Companies such as Tesla use Deep Learning which is a highly specialized version of data science to produce automated, self driving cars. Tesla's autopilot feature is one of the most popular implementations of fully autonomous vehicles, and has forced industry leaders in the automotive industry to take Artificial Intelligence more seriously. iv)Recommendation Systems: The idea of recommendation systems is to make suggestions that people will like. Companies such as Amazon, Google, Instagram, LinkedIn and many others have built their business around the idea of recommending relevant products and services to their users (using algorithms and techniques such as Nearest Neighbours,Collaborative Filtering and many more novel algorithms, more on this in a future article). 3.DIGITAL ENTERTAINMENT: The rise of online digital media has exponentially grown over recent times and now it's almost impossible to think of a world without Spotify or Netflix. One of the issues that started arising as more people started using these services was that there was way too much content and there were a rising number of users. To combat this, Netflix had announced a Movie recommender system competition open to all, and their challenge was for people to beat the existing recommender system that they were using, for a prize of a Million Dollars. This was an turning point in the analytics industry as more people started working on the problem and more people started learning about Data Science. Youtube is another popular example of which people get video recommendations based around the kind of content they watch. 4.RESEARCH: Data Science has traditionally been a very academic discipline as it involves designing mathematical models and used to be considered for research regarding available data. It has been used widely in conducting Medical Research: i) Medical Diagnosis: Figuring out the cause behind a health problem is one of the main tasks of doctors, and by using data science techniques such as decision trees and evaluating medical records of patients, it becomes an opportunity for higher quality of healthcare, as the computer could potentially detect an underlying condition which the given doctor may not notice at first glance.Detecting potential health conditions such as cancer cell growth, tumors, diagnosing disease based on conditions are some of the main applications in this area. ii) Medical Prognosis: Prognosis is the branch of medicine specializing in predicting the future of a patient's health. It is quite useful in informing patients about their risks of developing an illness and can help for more guided treatment for patients who need more attention. The way this is done is that a profile of the patient is created. A profile is a record containing information such as clinical history,physical examination results and Lab and Imaging records. A mathematical model is used to generate a risk score, which indicates the risk associated to the patient's health. iii) Medical Treatment: Medical treatment is the management and care of a patient to combat disease or disorder. The effect of the medication can be analysed using the patient's data, and a mode of behavior categorized for the drug, this is often the strategy used to conduct clinical trials of drugs before they are released for the masses. Data Science techniques are being increasingly used in the medical community and has lead to the rise of many businesses as well, making it an interesting and useful application of Data Science.The possibilities are seemingly endless,which makes data analysis such a valuable skill to have. 5.SPACE RESEARCH: Spacecrafts and satellites operating in space generate huge amounts of data due to the complexity of their research missions. Transmission of the data from outer space to the earth is an area where scientists face issues. When the data is sent back to the earth in the form of images/video on the other planet, it is often analysed by experts to better understand the atmosphere,land composition and many more complex ecological features( this analysis often involves Computer Vision techniques such as CNNs). Nasa and SpaceX are leading organizations working to improve our understanding of the universe and some of the technology they use in Space vehicle navigation and landing involves Data Science;For instance: i)Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) : Allows the spacecraft to self-adjust for example orbit and velocity, and can support ground navigation systems to control a spacecraft’s flight path, engine power and orbital position. A spacecraft’s onboard machine learning algorithm also has the potential to perform autonomous navigation in deep space. ii)SpaceX Falcon 9’s successful landing at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in 2015 demonstrated machine learning and computer vision’s power to transform space exploration. SpaceX used a convex optimization algorithm to determine the best way to land the rocket, with real-time computer vision data aiding route prediction. 6) AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES: The idea of self-driving cars has been around for a while, however it has become wildly successful in the last 10 years or so, with Tesla leading the way with their autopilot feature. Many other organizations around the world have followed in pursuit of this dream of a world without car drivers and some companies have succeeded in innovating a dream into reality. The intuition behind self driving cars is quite complex and requires a solid understanding of mathematics(calculus, algebra,differential equations),physics(motion,aerodynamics,friction and many more concepts) but a highly simplified way to understand how it works could be to imagine what it is like to drive a car. If you already know how to drive a car, some of these things should be quite intuitive to you: i)Perception: Having an understanding of the environment around us and ourselves.Some of the tasks which are quite easy for us as humans to understand, are often quite challenging for machines. These tasks could be to detect objects on the road such as people,other vehicles or road signs. Data Science techniques such as Computer Vision play a crucial role in solving these category of problems. ii)Planning:
Planning can be thought of as a process of thinking about the activities required to achieve a desired goal. It is one of the first steps towards achieving a goal,and in driving it is a very important skill as one needs to make quick,rational and logical decisions to drive safely. Some of the tasks in planning that data scientists work on are to: Making decisions about how to react to situations - anticipating other driver's movements, Making lane changes,Speeding up or slowing down. 7.ROBOTICS: Robotics is an interdisciplinary research field of study in which computer science converges with traditional engineering. The idea of robots has long been popularized by movies such as I,Robot which was a film featuring Will Smith, arguably far ahead of its time and more recently has been seen in movies such as the Transformers,Elysium,Ex-machina and blade runner 2049. The goal of robotics is to design intelligent machines that can help and assist humans in their day-to-day lives and keep everyone safe.Robotics is one of the most potentially dangerous implementations of artificial intelligence as it threatens the automation of millions of jobs. Leaders in the industry have raised concerns regarding the intelligence of the robots as they become smarter and smarter, things might get to a point where they achieve human level performance in daily tasks, and become a threat to us physically as well, as potrayed in the movie I,Robot. As the field is quite new and slowly starting to gain momentum, people are still learning about these techniques and many business have started to see the value of analytics to their organizations.Data Science isn't just another trend in technology, it's the next chapter in the technological revolution and the power of Artificial Intelligence will only become more visible over the upcoming years. In the next part of this series,we will look at some of the most fundamental techniques used by Data Scientists, so stay tuned and stay safe.

CHINESE APPS ALTERNATIVES: MADE IN INDIA

The Indian Government has blocked 59 Chinese apps, including some of the most popular names such as TikTok, UC Browser, Clash of Kings, and ShareIt. The decision was taken in the midst of a huge backlash against China following the face-off of Ladakh on 15 June in which 20 Indian soldiers were martyred. Inputs from intelligence agencies have suggested that these Chinese applications have been used either as spyware or ransomware and are in direct breach of the terms of service, violating the privacy of the customer. The ban was enforced pursuant to Section 69A of the IT Act with the related provisions of the 2009 Rules on Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Blocking Access to Data by the Public). Here are some of the alternatives which you can use : (only for Android) P.S. Click on the App name and you will be re-directed to the Respective Applications. TikTok 1.Chingari - Original Indian Short Video App 2.Mitron CamScanner 1.Kaagaz Scanner: Best Indian Document & PDF Scan 2.Microsoft Office Lens - PDF Scanner Uc Browser 1.Google Chrome: Fast & Secure (Mostly pre-Installed) 2.Microsoft Edge Shareit 1.Files By Google 2.Z Share - Fastest Desi file sharing app Wps Office 1.Microsoft Office: Word, Excel, PowerPoint & More 2.Google Docs Youcam Perfect 1.Indian Selfie Camera 2.B612 - Beauty & Filter Camera Viva Video 1.KineMaster - Video Editor, Video Maker 2.PowerDirector - Video Editor App, Best Video Maker Parallel Space 1.Shelter 2.Clone App - App Cloner & Free VPN Wechat 1.WHATSAPP 2.TELEGRAM Du Recorder 1.AZ Screen Recorder - Video Recorder, Livestream 2.ADV Screen Recorder Uc News 1.Inshorts - 60 words News summary 2.News by The Times of India Newspaper - Latest News Vault – hide 1.Hide Photos, Video-Hide it Pro 2.AppLock Considering the current political and geo-social environment, the Indian government has made a notable effort to move away from the dependency on Chinese technology by banning some of the most popular apps. Although it might appear to be insignificant or of low impact, this could be just the start of a new technological revolution in India, and in order to have a lasting impact, it’s essential for us, as consumers and users of technology to support the decision and understand the nationalistic sentiment behind this strategic move.

ONE PLUS 8 - First Impressions

One plus has just released its new flagship one plus 8 and is the most affordable smartphone in the latest series of flagships for the company. It offers flagship performance in a convenient box-something that will satisfy fans of small phones. Although compared to the OnePlus 8 Pro it is more affordable, the OnePlus 8 loses out on certain features such as wireless charging and water resistance. The OnePlus 8 is available in three colours: black onyx, green glacial and interstellar glow. It's available to buy on Amazon.in and the online store OnePlus. DISPLAY OnePlus 8 has a 90Hz refresh rate, 6.55-inch fluid Amoled screen and a fullHD+ display. The display has a 20:9 aspect ratio and a punch-hole on the top left corner containing the phone's front camera. By default, the screen is set to render vivid colors but it can be tuned to use natural colors from settings. This is also an integrated display-calibration feature that helps you to configure the device to Amoled wide-color gamut, RGB and Display P3 – depending on your choice. CAMERA The OnePlus 8 has a triple-camera set-up on the rear, including a standard 48-megapixel sensor, an ultra-wide 16MP sensor and a 2MP sensor. The triple - camera array on the OnePlus 8 is the same as that of the OnePlus 7 T except for the absence of a telephoto lens. Yet the improvements in performance are huge and visible. With the night scape mode low light pictures are significantly better. PERFORMANCE The best you can ever get!.The OnePlus 8 features the Snapdragon 865 processor, which promises better performance and efficiency over last year's model. Gaming as you can see gives us a top notch performance. PUBG ran at their highest graphics settings and were quite fun to play. OnePlus 8 enables 5 G networks, both stand-alone and non-standalone, and WiFi 6. Although both could not be tested at present, they make a future-ready smartphone that you may not need to upgrade to experience future connectivity benefits. It also has Bluetooth 5.1 and supports aptX & aptX HD, LDAC and AAC codecs. It also has stereo speakers with the help of Dolby Atmos. BATTERY The OnePlus 8 is powered by a 4300 mAh battery, which is perfect for a day of regular use but is short for medium and heavy use. Luckily, the phone comes with a Warp Charger 30 T, which will refill the phone's fully drained battery in about an hour. VERDICT The OnePlus 8 isn't perfect, and some who consider it too "lite" may find it disappointing compared to the powerful OnePlus 8 Pro. Thought of it this way, it is the OnePlus phones' iPhone 11 or Galaxy S20—meaning it's the one most people would purchase. It does not have the 8 Pro's all-and-the-kitchen-sink appeal, but it does have the features that matter the most.

WWDC Special Event Keynote(2020): All you need to know

Every year Apple hosts their worldwide Developer Conference in California to announce all the latest features and developments for their products , and this year was no different even if it was held virtually. They showed off some very exciting technology and in this article, we will explore some of the most promising tech and give our honest opinion about the event. CarPlay: For customization New wallpapers New UI & Icons Apple is also working on a virtual car key, which users can use for wirelessly unlocking their car. It is expected to first be seen on the BMW M5 series. Airpods: Can detect which device you're using & will play audio from the current device. WatchOS 7: i) Handwash feature: It can hear with microphones the sound of the water and washing of hands and automatically sets a timer for 20 seconds, trying to make sure you thoroughly clean your hands, due to the current situation. ii) Sleep Tracking: As seen in many fitness tracking applications and wearable devices over the last few years, this feature is now on the apple watch. It can track when you go to sleep, how long you have actually slept and the quality of your sleep, which can be useful for fitness enthusiasts. IOS-14: For the last few years, Apple have been making some significant changes to the User Interface and Experience, and this year was no different. 1. Widgets: This year, ios finally gets widgets, just like android has had for years,but it comes with a slight twist- The widgets are customizable and have a "smart stack" which is a fancy way of saying that the apps are ordered based on their relevance based on the time of the day. 2. Siri: Siri gets a new animation and also gets a new interface and users will be able to enter text in or dictate messages and will be able to translate into 11 languages - English, Mandarin Chinese, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese,Korean, Arabic, Portuguese, and Russian, all of which will be supported at launch. 3. Messages: Pinned conversation You can pin conversations to the top of the imessages app. Inline replies: Useful for group chats, features like slack. 4. Maps: Although Apple made the ridiculous claim that apple maps was the best way to navigate, they did present some vey interesting features. Some of the most exciting maps additions are: i)Cycling directions Apple is adding new long awaited features to the Maps application such as giving cycling directions,but it is only set to initially launch in 6 cities - New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Shanghai, and Beijing. Users will be able to see elevation changes, and Apple Maps will even be able to suggest if people should take a flight of stairs to save time or allow them to route around steep hills. Cycling directions will be available in watchOS 7, too. ii)EV Routing:
This is surely one of the more interesting features that would go under the radar. If you happen to own an electric vehicle, maps will now make it possible for the users to plan trips better and show them when and where they can charge their vehicle, especially in places that are compatible with their vehicle. iii) Look Around: Yet another feature that has been on Google for a very long time finally comes to IOS, although not ideal, it is an encouraging sign to see apple take steps to make the experience better for their users. Apple’s “Look Around” feature (which is like Google’s Street View), and indoor maps for airports and shopping centers. *ipados is set to get similar features, adapted for the display. MAC: The announcements for the Mac series of products were very exciting as it sounded like Apple is making some big changes to some of their hardware and software. Software: macOS Big Sur: At first glance, it would appear that Apple isn't really doing much innovation, especially when they're bringing a lot of android like features to iOS, but the macOS experience is an entirely different world - bringing the notifications centre and the ipad/ios experience to the desktop. However, the idea of streamlining the user experience is one of the most Apple-y things to do, and could lead to interesting use cases, both for developers and users. The macOS experience is about to change, and it's going to have a lot more features typically found in the mobile versions. Safari gets an update, and Apple claims it'll be 50% faster than Chrome. Action Center comes to the macOS, just like in IOS. Hardware: Some of the biggest announcements came from this department such as: Apple Silicon: Apple has been working secretly for a while on their own processor architecture, and gradually move away from intel based CPU's and this year they finally officially announced the A12Z Bionic System on a Chip (SoC). Developers will be able to easily convert their existing apps to run on Apple silicon, taking advantage of its powerful technologies and performance. And for the first time, developers can make their iOS and iPadOS apps available on the Mac without any modifications. Apple said that they will still support intel based devices that they've already released and have some intel based devices in the pipeline, so it'll be interesting to see how the new Apple Silicon compares to the top-end Intel CPU's which are widely considered to be the best in the world.

Top 5 Programming Languages In 2020

Hey guys its Nithin here. I hope you guys are doing well. we all have been in a time where we are stuck not knowing which programming language to learn or which will suit you, your job, or your passion whatever it may be. If you would ask me which programming language is best? I would say there are none. Every Language has its usage depending on their field. I have listed down the most popular programming languages used right now.. You can choose what to learn depending on your domain, passion, and job profile. I hope this blog might help you get some clarity. 1. Python Python tops the list. It is widely accepted that first learning is the best programming language. Python is a programming language that is simple, easy to use, and easy to deploy and is widely used to build scalable web applications. Tumblr, Instagram, Pinterest, and SurveyMonkey are all Python built-in. Python offers excellent library support and has a large community of developers. Applications: Web Applications Desktop GUI Applications Software Development Business Applications Applications for Images 2. JavaScript JavaScript is the language for programming "front-ends." JavaScript is widely used in designing interactive front-end apps. For example, the logic is implemented via JavaScript when you click a button that opens a popup. Many organizations, especially start-ups, are using Node.JS these days which is a run-time environment based on JavaScript. Node.js allows developers to use JavaScript for server-side scripting server-side scripts to produce dynamic content on the web page before the page is sent to the web browser of the user.

Applications: Websites Web Applications Server Applications Web Servers Games 3.Java Java is another common option in large organizations, and for decades it has remained so. Java is widely used to build Web applications on an enterprise scale. Java is considered to be highly robust, and so it has been embraced by many large businesses. If you are looking at a large organization for a development-based work, Java is the language you should be studying. Java is also commonly used in designing Smartphone Applications. Every company today wants an Android Application as today there are billions of Android users. This opens up an immense opportunity for Java developers despite Google's creation of an excellent Android development platform based on Java-Android Studio. Applications: Desktop GUI Applications Android applications Embedded Systems Cloud-based Applications Gaming Applications 4.C/C++ C / C++ is a bit like programming bread and butter. Nearly all low-level systems are written in C / C++, such as operating systems, file systems, etc. If you want to be a programmer at the system level, C / C++ is the language that you should be learning. Due to its extremely fast and stable use, C++ is also widely used by competitive programmers. C++ also includes something called the STL-Standard Library of templates. STL is a collection of ready-to-use libraries for complex data structures, arithmetic, and algorithmic operations. The language's library support and speed also make it a popular choice in the High-Frequency trading community. Applications: MySQL Rockstar Games Operating Systems Compiler Design Gaming and Animation 5.Go programming language Go, also known as Golang, is a Google created programming language. Go provides excellent multi threading support and so a lot of companies that rely heavily on distributed systems use it. Go is commonly used in Silicon Valley Start-ups. Indian firms/start-ups are yet to adopt, however. Golang should be mastered by those who wish to join a Silicon Valley-based start-up specializing in core systems. Applications: Cloud services Media platforms On-demand services News outlets "So this concludes the list of top 5 programming languages you can learn in 2020. At the end of the day, it's you who has to decide on which language you want to learn. So weigh your options and choose wisely according to your needs. If you're a beginner or if you all are still confused which one to choose, my advice to you would be to choose python. Until next time, happy coding " And also don't forget to check the programming language recommender

A Brief Introduction to: Augmented Reality(AR)

"A technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user's view of the real world, thus providing a composite view." When you perform a google search about Augmented Reality, this is one of the first definitions that comes up. Although, most people with some idea of what Augmented Reality is would accept the definition, it remains a very vague description of an amazing technology with the potential to change how humans interact with computers altogether. So, What is Augmented Reality? To understand AR better, let's see how the two terms work together. To augment literally means to add to something, or to increase something. Reality is referred to the current state of things in the world. So when we combine these two terms, things start to become clearer. The whole objective of AR is to enhance and add features to the current environment. ORIGINS OF AR: The MicroSoft HoloLens, Google Glass and other tech giants working on AR headsets and related technologies have revived an interest, and have contributed in generating hype in the field of AR. However, the foundations of the technology has been around since the 90's. The term augmented reality was first coined by Thomas Caudell and David Mizell in 1992, two engineers working on a headset to train Airplane Engineers for circuit wirings. According to them, the goal of AR was to reduce costs and improve efficiency of aircraft manufacturing. AR is used to alter one's current perception of a real world environment, which makes it different from Virtual Reality (VR) which aims to replace the real world with a simulated one. Back in the 1990's, a large device known as an Head Mounted Display (HMD) was used to simulate environments, often for the purpose of training/experimentation. These devices have evolved significantly over the years, and now many people are able to interact with AR based technology from their smartphone, which is unbelievable when you consider the early implementation of the same technology. Smartphone operating system (android/ios) manufacturers such as Google ( ARCore ) and Apple (AR kit) each have their own software packages and toolkits enabling interested developers to create apps for their respective devices. All of this is possible mostly because the sensors required for AR have such as gyroscopes, accelerometers, cameras have been made available on more smartphones and have gotten better over the years. HOW AR WORKS: In order to implement an AR system, one would require a device with multiple sensors such as Gyroscopes, Cameras, Accelerometers,Displays. AR can also be displayed on various devices such as screens, glasses, handheld devices, mobile phones, head-mounted displays. Some common terms associated to the technology are Placing, Scale, Occlusion, Lighting, Context Awareness and Motion Tracking. Placing: When tracking of AR object is fixed/anchored to a certain point in real world, it should exhibit same behaviour. Scale: When AR objects change size relative to the device position, enabled by environment understanding. Occlusion: Image/Objects are blocked by each other. Lighting: Refers to the behaviour of light and shadows on the objects in the app.
Context Awareness: AR hardware's ability to be aware of objects in the environment. Motion Tracking: AR relies on computer vision to see the world and recognise the objects in it. The first step in the computer vision process is getting the visual information, the environment around the hardware to the brain inside the device. The process of scanning, recognising, segmenting, and analysing environmental information is called tracking, in immersive technologies. For AR, there’s two ways tracking happens, inside-out tracking and outside-in tracking. SLAM(Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) It is used to understand where the phone is relative to the world around it. ARCore detects visually distinct features in the captured camera image called feature points and uses these points to compute its change in location. The visual information is combined with inertial measurements from the device's IMU to estimate the pose (position and orientation) of the camera relative to the world over time. Plane Finding: Ability to detect and generate flat surfaces. Light Estimation: Ability to understand effect of light and shadows. Anchors: User defined points where AR objects are placed. CURRENT STATE OF AR There are 4 types of augmented reality today: markerless AR marker-based AR projection-based AR superimposition-based AR In 2013 Google performed beta tests on the Google Glass – with internet connection via Bluetooth. In 2015 Microsoft presented HoloLens (an AR goggle headset with lots of sensors to display HD holograms). In 2016 Nianti claunched Pokemon Go game for mobile devices. The app blew the gaming industry up and earned $2 million in a just first week. APPLICATIONS OF AR Due to the versatile nature of this technology, it can be used in a number of industries in a number of ways. Some of it's applications could be as follows: 1)SHOPPING & RETAIL: IKEA A number of product based companies have started to realise the importance of customer experiences and have started to give importance to the overall experience of the end user. This includes trials and experiencing the product before committing to buy it, and in some cases can be very useful when trying the product can be logistically challenging.
One of the most widely known applications is IKEA's "Place", which is an AR based app that allows users to visualise and view how a piece of furniture would fit into their living room. This is a great way for people to see what works for them and what doesn't without having to go through the trouble of purchasing an item and then to find out later that it does not suit their requirements. 2.BUSINESS: COCO-COLA Owners of supermarkets and malls can use the coco-cola AR application to decide which part of their store would look good with the vending machine 3.SOCIAL MEDIA SnapChat is one of the most widely-used social media platforms, and has been wildly successful because of the trademark, unique AR-based filters and animations. Many of the features initially found in snapchat have made it to other social media platforms such as Instagram, and this trend can be expected to continue in the near feature. 4.GAMING Pokemon Go: Pokemon Go was one of the first games in the field of AR that became very successful and made a huge impact in the tech community (despite not being completely an AR app as it was only in 2D), and proved to the world that there was a market for such apps & games, encouraging more developers to adopt the technology. 5.EDUCATION One of the most exciting applications of Augmented Reality would be the educational industry, which has been rapidly growing and has seen an increase in investment over the years. Students can supplement their learning experience by learning theoretical aspects from teachers/instructors and also gain practical hands on experience at their fingertips, or even visualise complicated concepts, helping to think in different dimensions. ISSUES WITH AR Despite the promise shown by AR technology, there is still a long way to go, as there are many issues that need to be solved to improve the efficiency and usability of such technology for the every day user: i) Processing Constraints: Only a select number of mobile phones are able to access the AR based applications, as they require processing power to be able to run on mobile phones. Over the last few years however, mobile phones have become way more powerful, and in the near future, most if not all phones should be able to access the technology.Another issue is that these apps end up generating a lot of heat and often require a lot of storage space. The best solution would be to optimise such apps. ii) Not enough developers: Due to the lack of a user base,most developers were very skeptical of the AR technology, thinking of it as a hobbyist niche, with very few if any users. But as mobile phones get more powerful, the way that we use them is also likely to change, and this could mean that more developers work on AR apps. iii) Design Barrier: Some of the most common technical issues that occurs in AR app development is the problem of occlusion, lighting, and 3D design. What this leads to is objects not looking or feeling realistic enough, making for a very mediocre experience, which pushes users away from trying such apps. FUTURE OF AR:
With the AR software market expected to reach $35.22 Billion by 2022, it appears to be a very exciting time for developers and investors to learn more about the industry, so the true potential of this incredible technology can be reached. If you would like to find out more on AR, we would recommend going through the course: https://www.coursera.org/learn/ar/home/welcome https://developer.apple.com/augmented-reality/ https://developers.google.com/ar

The "SUPER" Deal between JIO and FACEBOOK

Facebook has taken a huge stake in a major Indian corporation's digital arm, as the U.S. internet giant is moving deeper into what it sees as one of the biggest growth markets Jio Platforms has a range of brands under it including its telecommunications company Reliance Jio which, thanks to aggressive pricing, has expanded rapidly to become India's range one mobile carrier by revenue and subscriber base. The investment gives Facebook a 9.99% stake in Jio Platforms for Rs 43,574 cr and gives it a pre-money enterprise value of $65.95 billion. Facebook said it would collaborate with Jio to create "new ways for people and companies to function in the the digital economy more effectively." India is essential to the WhatsApp messaging service on Facebook which has more than 400 million users in the world. Facebook said it would collaborate with Jio to create "new ways for people and companies to function in the the digital economy more effectively." This might include taking JioMart, Jio's small business initiative and WhatsApp together to link people to businesses and shops. The move is timely as Facebook is gearing up to launch a WhatsApp payment function in India. Over the past few years, Facebook has tried numerous ways to gain a strong foothold in the Indian market but it has not always been successful. In 2016, a Facebook service called "Free Basics" was blocked by Indian regulators, which aimed to offer free access to popular web sites like Wikipedia. The idea was that certain pages should not be paying the data costs for users.But that, critics said, went against the principle of "net neutrality "— the concept that when it comes to data, all sites should be treated fairly. In the after-hours trade, Facebook shares were up 2.5 per cent. SUPER APP Facebook and Jio are considering the possibility of using the Facebook-owned messaging network WhatsApp and its user base in India to create a super app along the lines of the Chinese app WeChat, Back in February, WhatsApp's worldwide user base reached the two billion mark. The two companies would put in place the requisite financing, technological expertise and domain knowledge for the project.

The Best Free Online Resources to learn from during the Quarantine period

With the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread rapidly and with many countries imposing lockdowns, now would be the correct time to learn some new skills that could be useful for the future. In this article, we have compiled a list of resources that can be used to learn useful technical skills for free. 1.Data Science: Over the last few years, the need for data scientists has skyrocketed as companies look for people with data analytics skills to gather meaningful insight from their data to make data-driven business decisions. The role of a data scientist is a relatively new one, however going forward it does show a lot of promise as a report from Job seeking online portal,Indeed showed a 29% increase in demand for data scientists year over year and a 344% increase since 2013. Websites to learn from: i) IBM: https://cognitiveclass.ai/learn/data-science This is an introductory course offered by one of the top tech companies,IBM. What's better is that these courses are structured in a way to make it easy for beginners to learn and include tests in the form of quizzes and at the end of it if you attain the required grade, you are given a badge and a certificate, which can be added to your CV and/or LinkedIn profile. ii) Google Analytics : https://analytics.google.com/analytics/academy/ Analytics Academy helps you learn about Google's measurement tools so that you can grow your business through intelligent data collection and analysis.Offered by one of the top tech companies yet again, there are a bunch of courses to choose from, each of them offering a certificate on completion. iii)Towards Data Science: https://towardsdatascience.com/ The Towards data science website is a great free resource to learn from, and is widely known in among data scientists as a great way to learn a particular technique or stay up to date with developments in the industry. iv) KDnuggets: https://www.kdnuggets.com/ Another free online blog/website to learn about data science, this website is a great resource as it covers a diverse range of topics ,tutorials, datasets, news, events, jobs and webinars. v) Kaggle: https://www.kaggle.com/ Kaggle is a subsidiary of Google LLC, is an online community of data scientists and machine learning practitioners. Kaggle is the world's largest data science community with powerful tools and resources to help you achieve your data science goals. It is one of the places data scientists spend a lot of time as they can find datasets, compete in challenges, share their work and even possibly get a job offer. Kaggle is just one of those websites you can not ignore if you're looking to be a data scientist. 2.Digital Marketing: Digital marketing is the component of marketing that utilises internet and online based digital technologies such as desktop computers, mobile phones and other digital media and platforms to promote products and services. i)Google Digital Garage:https://learndigital.withgoogle.com/digitalunlocked/course/digital-marketing This is one of the most comprehensive courses available on the internet with regards to digital marketing. Offered by google, it contains 26 modules, provides unlimited access, so you can finish in your own time. The certificate earned on completion is also recognised, so it can be shared on your CV. Should you learn Digital Marketing? To answer this question, think about the following: Do you want to learn a versatile new skill? Are you interested in entrepreneurship? Do you want to improve your career prospects? If you answered yes to any of these, it would be worthwhile to spend some time to get a digital marketing certification. 3.Mobile-Application development: https://www.appbrewery.co/p/intro-to-flutter The course contains the first 10 hours of the Complete Flutter Development Bootcamp and will teach you all the fundamentals of Flutter development to get you started. We built this course over months, perfecting the curriculum together with the Flutter team to teach you Flutter from scratch. This Flutter development course teaches you how to code using Dart and build beautiful, fast, native-quality iOS and Android apps. Even if you have ZERO programming experience. This course will take you step-by-step through engaging and fun video tutorials and teach you everything you need to know to get started as a Flutter developer! The course includes 10+ hours of HD video tutorials and builds your programming knowledge while making real world apps. Including a quiz app, a choose-your-own-adventure game and even a musical instrument! By the end of this course, you will be programming in Dart and be ready to start building apps with Flutter. You'll also have a portfolio of over 8 apps that will give you a taste of what it's like to work with Flutter and Dart. Sign up today, and look forward to: Over 10 hours of HD 1080p video content. Building over 8 fully-fledged apps. Comprehensive course materials and curriculum. Honourable Mentions: The following resources are great to learn from, however have not been included in the list as they are not completely free. 1.UDEMY: Udemy is an online learning platform aimed at professional adults and students, developed in May 2010. As of Jan 2020, the platform has more than 50 million students and 57,000 instructors teaching courses in over 65 languages. There have been over 295 million course enrollments. Top courses that users enrol to on this site are: 1.Photoshop: https://www.udemy.com/course/adobe-photoshop-course/ 2.Digital Marketing: https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-digital-marketing-course/ 3.Python: https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-python-bootcamp/ 4.Photography: https://www.udemy.com/course/photography-masterclass-complete-guide-to-photography/ 5.Finance:https://www.udemy.com/course/an-entire-mba-in-1-courseaward-winning-business-school-prof/ 2.Coursera: Coursera is an American online learning platform founded in 2012 by Stanford professors Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller that offers massive open online courses, specializations, and degrees. Popular courses & certifications on this website are:
1.Google IT support certification: https://www.coursera.org/professional-certificates/google-it-support 2.Stanford Machine Learning: https://www.coursera.org/learn/machine-learning/home/welcome 3.IBM Applied AI: https://www.coursera.org/professional-certificates/applied-artifical-intelligence-ibm-watson-ai 3.EDX: https://www.edx.org/
edX is a massive open online course provider. It hosts online university-level courses in a wide range of disciplines to a worldwide student body, including some courses at no charge. It also conducts research into learning based on how people use its platform. The courses can be accessed for free, however getting a verified certificate would cost you. Courses are available from world-renowned universities such as :
1.MIT 2.Harvard 3.UC Berkeley 4.Sorbonne University 5.Boston University and a lot more


Will Apple finally manage to break into the Budget smartphone market?



Apple focusing on an all-budget iPhone for 2020 is an open secret. The handset has been alluded to as the iPhone 9 in reports and will come with a style scheme that the business seems to have set behind over the last decade And it has now appeared that there is not even going to be a single phone like this. Actually, Apple is focusing on two of those models, with a recent 9to5Mac article stating that Apple is still focusing on a bigger iPhone 9 Plus. This will see both the iPhone 8 and the iPhone 8 Plus replacing the show. A new budget Iphone from Apple to come soon. Rumors had earlier indicated that the iPhone 9 would arrive with a similar design to the iPhone 6 and offer a 4.7-inch Oled and TouchID as well. The coding in iOS 14, though, still refers to a bigger 5.5-inch device, which would still have the same core specifications which would greatly vary in the panel scale. As per 9to5Mac evidence indicates that both will run with the A13 Bionic chip, the processor in the iPhone 11 family. They will also come sporting NFC scanning, which was not possible on the iPhone 8 or iPhone X. The devices would be entry-level iPhones, as indicated by the reports, use the same home-enabled Touch ID button that was a daily feature on previous generation iPhones. These iPhones are also supposed to reduce the costs of costly devices such as FaceID. Given the company's move to a more conventional design scheme for its newer generation smartphone, the fact that the iPhone 9 series would carry a more accessible price tag than its predecessors will make sure it is a buyer success. This will also mark an exciting investment for those updating from older iPhone versions, thanks to its pledge of enhanced A13 Bionic chipset efficiency because of its ability to utilize Apple Pay of scan NFC tags. Update On a similar note we may confirm the availability of the fourth generation iPad Pro on four versions, as we consider the following models: J417, J418, J420, and J421. Those are possibly the 11-and 12.9-inch Wi-Fi and cellular models. A modern triple-lens camera with a time-of-flight system is set to appear on the latest iPad Pro.

The Story behind the absence of the Pixel 4 in India

Google declared on Tuesday that the newly-launched pixel four and pixel four XL smartphones won't be availble in India. in an exceedingly statement, the corporate spokesperson said it's set to not build pixel 4 accessible within the country. The Google Pixel four and Pixel four XL were launched at an occasion in the newyork on Tuesday, with the corporate revealing their options, price, and specifications. “We decided not to make Pixel 4 available in India,” a Google spoke person said. “Google has a wide selection of product that we have a tendency to build accessible in several regions round the world. we have a tendency to confirm handiness supported a variety of factors, including local trends, and product features. The Google pixel four options a radar sensor, dubbed Project Soli throughout development, and currently referred to as Motion Sensor. this permits the smartphone to support air gestures — thus you'll be able to wave your hands at your phone to execute bound actions. This works on 60GHz spectrum. “The spectrum band has been under debate for a long time, but since it is not available for public use in India, there is not much that we can do but to not release the devices here,” an executive said in the launch event. Another feature that the chip supports is facial recognition, which might not work on Indian frequencies that are presently out there. The devices have PIN and pattern-based authentication, however no fingerprint scanner. “We remain committed to our current Pixel phones and look forward to bringing future Pixel devices to India,” the Google spokesperson said. Google introduced the new Google pixel four, Pixel 4 XL, Pixelbook Go, pixel Earbuds, and Nest mini throughout its annual hardware event in new york on tuesday. The Google pixel four comes with a beginning tag of $799 (roughly Rs. 57,000) and pixel four XL for $899 (roughly Rs. 64,000). The phones are shipped on october 24 in multiple countries, excluding india. The device will come in ‘Maybe Pink', ‘Sky Blue','Really Yellow', ‘Slightly Green', ‘Clearly White', ‘Just Black', and ‘Oh So Orange'. Google is offering more colour options on the Pixel 4 here as the Pixel 3 only came in three colour options.

A Brief Introduction To : FinTech

If you have ever used an online payment service such as PayTM,PhonePe or GooglePay, you have already taken part in the world of FinTech. It is a term that keeps coming up consistently in the fields of technology and finance and is considered by many to be a multi-billion dollar industry. FinTech is an amalgamation of the words Finance and Technology and the goal is to improve financial activities (such as investments, loans, payments, etc) with the help of technology. It is gradually transforming economies around the world by introducing a different approach to financial services such as ->Performing transactions (cashless payments) ->Crowd Funding Platforms (gofundme,patreon,kickstarter) ->Virtual Currencies (Crypto currencies such as Bitcoin/Dogecoin) What's more interesting about this industry is the investments being made in the companies that are working on such technologies. According to research by Accenture there has been increase in Fintech investments made by investors and the trend has been captured in the infographic down below: Apart from shareholders and businessmen, major Multi-National-Corporations are also getting involved with their own FinTech.For instance : ->Apple came out with its digital wallet called ApplePay earlier this year ->Google have their own flavour of online payments called GooglePay which is very popular in India. ->AliBaba have their own payment option as do Amazon. The rapid growth in this industry is supplemented by the fact that more and more consumers are adapting to fintech quickly.According to EY Fintech adoption index, every one in three customers in the top 20 economies in the world said that they used 2 Fintech services in the last 6 months. China and India are two of the biggest adopters of these technologies with around half of the people using Fintech for services such as money transfers, financial planning, loans and insurance. Fintech company Mpesa has had a resounding impact in Kenya and neighbouring African countries by providing their services for customers to manage their finances and now it is reported that around 96% of the people in Kenya having a bank account use mpesa for their transactions. It is also said that around 2% of them have been lifted from extreme poverty.This goes to show the impact that FinTech can have on developing nations and the potential it has in the future. While Fintech has improved the lives of many Kenyans drastically, it has also changed how traditional Lenders, insurers and budget managers conduct their operations, influencing them to learn and embrace these digital technological advancements in order to aid financial planning and decision making. Risks associated to FinTech corporations: Regulations Financial regulator bodies such as FRS,RBI etc. find it difficult to regulate the industry and introduce policies as the industry keeps evolving rapidly, which could lead to unfair opportunities for select individuals with influence in the industry.
2. Cyber Security As more and more people and organisations adopt these technologies, more data is generated and the chances of cyber crimes increase.

Recap: OnePlus India Launch- A New era

OnePlus 7T OnePlus is keen about "fast and smooth" ever since the OnePlus seven pro came out a number of months ago. At the time, we have a tendency to fell crazy with the OnePlus seven pro, particularly with its sleek 90Hz show, the capable cameras, the sensational exteroception feedback and therefore the quicker Warp Charge 30 system. The OnePlus 7T 8GB+256GB variant is available at Rs.39,999, and the 8GB+128GB variant is available at Rs. 37,999. OnePlus 7T will hit the stores on September 28 2019. With OnePlus, the core user experience perpetually takes center stage. Throughout all the teasers, OnePlus has been happy to flaunt the 90Hz display for extending the graceful expertise to the regular model. and that i will say that initially look, the show is unquestionably price upgrading even from the OnePlus seven. It currently measures 6.55-inches and uses a brand new Optic AMOLED Full HD+ panel with a refresh rate of 90Hz and support for HDR10+ colors. whereas it's still too early to present an exact finding of fact, all I will say is that the display makes for wonderful viewing experiences whether or not you're looking YouTube or browsing through your photos. The 90Hz refresh rate makes everything look smoother than usual, though that additionally has one thing to try to to with optimisation for oxygen OS. OnePlus usually does well in the raw performance department and thanks to the Snapdragon 855 Plus chipset, going through everyday tasks and playing graphically intensive games should be better than we saw on the OnePlus 7 series. The battery additionally gets a light update to 3800mAh compared to the 3700mAh unit from the OnePlus 7. However, Warp Charge 30T is currently claimed to extra service the battery eighteen per cent quicker than the Warp Charge 30 system on the OnePlus seven pro. you do not would like a special charger to induce those speeds as OnePlus has reworked on the battery structure and improved software system potency to induce these charging speeds When it involves the cameras although, plenty has gone into each the hardware and software package to supply a much better shooting experience. The rear camera setup currently gets a 48-megapixel main camera with ½-inch Sony IMX586 detector, F1.6 aperture lens and Optical Image Stabilisation (OIS). The second camera gets a 16-megapixel detector with fisheye lens giving 117-degree field of view. The third camera may be a 12-megapixel sensor giving 2x optical zoom. This setup on paper is already superior to the twin camera setup from the OnePlus seven. The selfie camera still uses the 16-megapixel detector we've got seen on older OnePlus phones. The rear camera gets a brand new macro mode for close-up shots whereas the camera will shoot 4K videos at 60 fps. One plus TV: Apart from the phone, the company additionally launched a 55-inch 4K QLED TV. The TV runs on Google android platform, customised by OnePlus for improved user expertise. The TV comes with access to Google Play Store for apps. The TV has in-built screencasting capabilities. it's also voice-enabled via Google Assistant and OnePlus are providing android TV updates for following 3 years. The TV's UI is named oxygen Play and Netflix can return to OnePlus TV later this year. you'll connect the OnePlus TV with your smartphone via OnePlus Connect which can alter you to manage your TV with your smartphone. The OnePlus TV incorporates a thickness of seven millimetre and it's a 95.7 % screen-to-body ratio. The OnePlus TV has the Gamma Color Magic processor. It also comes with inherent Chromecast and a inherent soundbar with as several as eight speakers capable of 50W audio output. The OnePlus TV Q1 can retail at Rs 69,900 and also the OnePlus TV Q1 pro can retail at Rs 99,900. The OnePlus TV pro comes with a sliding soundbar with eight speakers and a 50W sound output. The TV has speakers have forward transmission so all the sound comes directly at you. The soundbar slides mechanically down in 7.2 seconds once the TV is started and it makes terribly less noise whereas doing thus, thirty two decibles to be precise. All content on the OnePlus TV are at 60 cps refresh rate. The TV are power-driven by Dolby's audio and visual technologies. The dolby Vision Atmos technology can offer the OnePlus TV 40 % more brightness and additionally a lot of color accuracy. OTT content on the OnePlus TV includes Netlfix, Amazon Prime, Eros Now, zee TV and a lot of. The OnePlus TV are available in a 55-inch screen size and it makes uses of the Quantum LED or QLED display technology. The TV can have 4K resolution. it's a 96 % DCIP-3 score and it additionally features a 120 % NTSC score also that the company says is that the highest within the world .

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